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Owning a Zero Emissions Vehicle (ZEV)

Owning an electric vehicle (EV) or another type of zero-emissions vehicle provides a variety of benefits:

  • Total running costs are often far less than comparable internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles.
  • Charge in your own home or convenient public charging locations.
  • Greatly reduces your carbon footprint.
  • Often a quieter and smoother driving experience.
  • Most EVs require servicing less often than comparable ICE vehicles.

Total cost of ownership

While the cost of an EV may seem higher upfront, the total cost of ownership over a 5-year period may be more, or as equally, affordable than a similar ICE vehicle. When purchasing your next car, consider making your next choice electric.

See for yourself

The tools calculations reflect taxes and incentives unique to the ACT.

Support Available

In the ACT you’ll also receive a stamp duty exemption for new ZEVs and two years of free registration for new or used ZEVs. The way vehicle registration is calculated will soon be changing. From 1 July 2024 vehicle registration fees will gradually transition from the current weight-based vehicle registration system to an emissions-based system. Visit the Motor vehicle registration and renewal page to read about these changes.


What is a ZEV?

A Zero Emissions Vehicle (ZEV) is a battery electric vehicle (EV) or a hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV). A ZEV isn’t necessarily a passenger car – it could also be a motorcycle or a goods vehicle.

Electric vehicles (EVs) are the most common types of zero emissions vehicles. These run entirely on a rechargeable battery.

Hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) also use an electric motor to run but use hydrogen as a fuel base instead of electricity.

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) can do short trips on an electric-only motor. However, they contain a traditional combustion engine to use when the battery is depleted. As a PHEV is partially powered by fossil fuels, PHEVs may not be eligible for some ACT Government ZEV incentives available for EVs and FCEVs.


How is the total cost of ownership determined?

Determining the TCO for a particular vehicle involves understanding the cash flow impact of ownership of a vehicle over a defined timeframe. There are several inputs into a TCO calculation as outlined in the following table.

Input Description
Purchase price The ultimate cash price after all dealer rebates and dealer delivery charges
Duties and taxes Stamp duty, Luxury car tax, registration charges, CTP insurance
Subsidies Any government subsidies provided
Running costs Maintenance costs, Third Party insurance, fuel
Pre-sale make-good costs Costs of vehicle improvements prior to resale
Residual value The depreciated price for which a vehicle is sold at the end of ownership period
Finance costs Any operating or finance lease
Holding period The time between the purchase and sale of a vehicle
Accident management fee Cost of roadside assistance and management of repairs process


Can I charge my EV if I live in an apartment or other multi-unit dwelling?

The ACT Government is working to support making buildings EV ready. You can also use the growing network of public chargers across the ACT.

Acknowledgement of Country

We acknowledge the Ngunnawal people as traditional custodians of the ACT and recognise any other people or families with connection to the lands of the ACT and region. We acknowledge and respect their continuing culture and the contribution they make to the life of this city and this region.